Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted Infections (STIs) or Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are the infections caused from one person to another through sexual contact. There are some STDs that are passed from pregnant women to the unborn, either during pregnancy or while giving birth. There are many types of STDs, including chlamydia, HIV, HPV, syphilis, and genital herpes. 

9M Hospital is the best hospital for pregnant women. If you are facing any of the STI symptoms, you can visit us anytime. Our team of healthcare experts may diagnose the problem, and provide effective treatments to ensure your well-being. 

Tips to Prevent STI

We all say, “Prevention is better than cure.” To avoid getting detected with STI, you can follow the best tips and stay healthy. Some of these are mentioned below:-

  1. Abstinence

One of the most reliable ways to prevent sexually transmitted diseases is to control your desire and not have sex at all. 

  1. Use Protection

To ensure you and your partner are not affected by STI, you can use good quality condoms. These are highly effective in minimizing STD transmission. Whether you do anal, vaginal, or oral sex, condoms are beneficial to protect your partner and you. Thus, every time you are physically involved with someone, do not forget to wear a condom properly.

You can use synthetic non-latex condoms if you have any latex injuries. However, the former has high breakage rates. You may note that natural membrane condoms are not recommended by healthcare experts for STD prevention.

  1. Reduce the Number of Sex Partners

If you are physically involved with many people, there is a high risk of getting infected with STDs. Thus, to avoid it, you may choose fewer sex partners or just be involved with one person at a time. Still, it is important that your partner and you get tested, and ensure you are safe and healthy. 

Diagnosis of STIs: Easy Methods

Getting infected with STIs is common these days. So, you may not need to worry. If you are feeling like you have a sexually transmitted disease, you may note if you are having any of the STIs symptoms:-

  • An unusual discharge from the penis, anus, or vagina
  • Having pain while peeing
  • Rashes
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding 
  • Lump or skin growth around the anus or genitals
  • Irritation and itching around genitals
  • Warts around genitals or anus
  • Sores and blisters around your anus or genitals

If you are having any of these symptoms, you may visit the healthcare expert immediately. To diagnose sexually transmitted diseases, doctors may do certain medical tests and screenings. 

Medical Tests

To identify the cause of STs and detect coinfections, doctors recommend certain laboratory tests:-

  • Blood tests may help in confirming the diagnosis of HIV or later stages of syphilis
  • With the help of urine samples, doctors can diagnose STIs
  • If you have open genital sores, doctors may test fluid to diagnose the type of infection


Healthcare experts do screening tests to diagnose STIs. Our comprehensive STI screen aims to provide a complete picture of your sexual health status. The screen may help to diagnose common STIs, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Hepatitis B, and chlamydia. Screening is highly recommended for:

  • Those men who are sexually involved with other men
  • If you have a new partner, you can get STIs’ checked before engaging in any sexual intercourse
  • If you have HIV, you have a higher risk to get STIs

Ways to Treat STI

You may not need to worry as STIs or STDs are easier to be treated. It is generally caused by bacteria. If you are pregnant and have an STI, you can visit the best hospital for pregnant women. It can prevent or minimize the risk of your unborn becoming infected. Here are some of the ways of STI treatment:-

  1. Antibiotics

In just a single dose, antibiotics can do wonders. It may help in treating bacterial and parasitic infections, such as trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. When you start your antibiotic treatment, it is essential to finish the course as recommended by the doctor. If you think you may not be able to take medication, you can discuss this with your doctor. If there is any alternative available, the doctor may tell you about it. 

You may note that during your antibiotic treatment, you may have to abstain from sex until at least seven days. Some doctors advise patients who are diagnosed with chlamydia to rest for a minimum of three months as there is a chance they may get reinfection.

  1. Antiviral Drugs

If you have HIV or herpes, a doctor may recommend an antiviral drug. If you take your medication and therapy consistently, there is less chance of recurrence of herpes. However, you may note that your partner can get herpes. 

If you start your treatment sooner, it will be effective for you. With the right medication, the risk of transmitting the virus to sex partners can be nil. 

Bottom Line!

It is crucial to take preventive measures for sexually transmitted diseases. You can avoid having sexual intercourse without protection, and stay limited to one partner at a time. If you are changing your sexual partners constantly, you may need to consult your doctor to ensure your overall body is healthy. If you feel like you are experiencing any of the STIs symptoms, including rashes and pain while urinating, you must visit the best doctor immediately.

9M Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India. We follow a patient-centric approach and help them get the best treatment. Our advanced technology and equipment can help diagnose STis easily. Feel free to visit and contact us.

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9M by Ankura
9M by Ankura