Preventive Cancer Care Centre
Preventive Cancer Care Centre at 9M Hospitals
The incidence of cancer is rapidly rising , and in recent years the incidence of common cancers like breast and cervix cancer has doubled. The best way to treat these cancers is through prevention and early detection. Thus, the 9M Cancer Care Centre focuses on early detection and intervention by educating, treating, regularly screening, and recognizing risk factors in individuals.
We offer the following services at the 9M preventive cancer care centre:
1. Breast Cancer Screening Services
Breast cancer is among the most common cancer diagnosis in women. An early breast cancer screening service involves:
- Clinical Breast Examination (CBE): It includes a thorough physical examination of the under-arm region, breasts, palpation of breasts in different positions and evaluation of lymph nodes.
- Mammography: It is used to detect pre-cancerous and cancerous growth in the breasts using low-frequency X-ray radiation. It can detect the tiniest tumours and other abnormalities that can’t be detected in clinical breast examinations.
- Breast Self-Examination Demonstration: Your gynaecologist will teach you to self-examine your breast to check for any lumps or cysts. Every woman should learn this and do it regularly.
2. Uterine Cervix Cancer Screening Services
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers. Unfortunately, some women may not experience symptoms till the cancer has reached an advanced stage, and thus, it is necessary to get screened routinely.
I. Pap Smear Test
A pap smear test involves collecting a few cells from your cervix. You will be asked to lie on the examination table with your knees bent, and your heels flat.
Your gynaecologist will use an instrument called a speculum to hold open the walls of your vagina. Next, they will take samples of your cervical cells using a flat scraping device called a spatula or a soft brush. Finally, the samples will be sent to the lab for further testing. The test takes only a few minutes and does not hurt.
II. Treatment for Pre-Invasive Cancers
Various surgical techniques are used to remove the tumour and the surrounding tissues. These operations are for cancers that have not spread beyond the cervical tissues. A few of these are:
- Conization: In this type of biopsy, a cone-shaped piece of cancerous tissue is removed from the cervix. It is done under general or local anaesthetic to remove pre-cancer or early-stage cancer.
- Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP): LEEP is a technique that uses an electrical current applied through a thin wire hook. This hook is then used to kill pre-cancer or early-stage cancer cells.
- Cervix Cryosurgery: In this procedure, a cryoprobe is inserted into the vagina and placed firmly on the opening of the cervix. Compressed nitrogen gas passes through the instrument, making the metal cold enough to freeze and destroy pre-cancerous tissues.
3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA Testing
Certain strains of HPV can cause cervical cancer and other cancers. Therefore, they are considered high-risk types. This test is performed similar to the pap test, and if they are conducted together, it is called “co-testing.” These tests have improved outcomes when used together.
4. Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding
Endometrial cancer occurs in the uterus and affects women of any age; however, it is more common among post-menopausal women. Thus, a prompt evaluation of bleeding should be done if it occurs after menopause. Transvaginal ultrasonography is used to evaluate postmenopausal bleeding to check for cysts, fibroid tumours, or other growths.
Our objectives at Preventive Cancer Care Centre
1. Increased Cancer Related Awareness
Our experts work to increase awareness about cancer and the myths related to it. They also educate their patients on the importance of early detection of signs and symptoms of common gynaecological cancers.
2. Routine screening
We provide routine gynaecology screening and post-menopausal health monitoring for a range of gynaecological cancers and reproductive health issues.
3. Specialised care
Our gynaecologists, nurses, and allied staff work to provide personalised care based on your diagnosis. We work to offer you the best and most appropriate cancer treatment options based on pre-cancer and cancer stages.
FAQs About Painless Delivery
Any woman can be at risk of developing gynaecologic cancer. Some risk factors you should be aware of are:
- Long-term use of birth control pills
- Being overweight or obese
- Lacking a proper diet
- HPV infection
- Exposure to oestrogen given during pregnancy.
Different cancers will present different symptoms. Symptoms of cervical cancer include:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Watery or bloody vaginal discharge with a foul odour
- Pelvic pain or discomfort during intercourse.