Understanding Female Infertility: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options

Female Infertility

According to a National Library of Medicine study, approximately 8% of married women have infertility in India. Female infertility is when a woman cannot get pregnant even after trying to conceive for a year. The major causes of female infertility include uterine fibroids, thyroid disease, and endometriosis. 

If you are having difficulty getting pregnant, you can feel relaxed as we have got everything covered. 9M Hospital is the best hospital for pregnancy, providing various fertility services to help you get effective treatments. Here is our guide to female infertility and its treatments to help you provide all the relevant information. 

Causes of Female Infertility

There are many causes of female infertility. If you are unable to conceive for a long time, you may have a look at some of its causes:-

Issues with the Uterus: There is a possibility of polyps, septum, or adhesions inside the cavity of your uterus. The abnormalities, like septum, are present at birth, while polyps and fibroids can form independently. After surgeries like Dilation and Curettage (D&C), adhesions can be formed. 

Issues with the Fallopian Tubes: Pelvic inflammatory disease is the major cause of infertility in women. It is often caused by chlamydia and gonorrhea. 

Issues with Ovulation: Many factors can affect your ovulation, such as hormonal imbalance, past eating disorders, thyroid, severe stress, pituitary tumors, and substance abuse. 

Issues with Egg Number and Quality: This cause of infertility in women is quite common. Before menopause, the eggs of women may run short. Also, some eggs have the wrong number of chromosomes and cannot fertilize or grow into a healthy fetus. Due to chromosomal issues, other eggs can also be affected, leading to fertility issues. 

How to Diagnose Female Infertility?

Fertility in females can be diagnosed through various medical tests and procedures. Here are some of the most common ways to assess fertility:

  • Ovulation testing: this involves tracking the release of an egg from the ovaries. This can be done using urine tests, blood tests, or ultrasound scans. 
  • Hormone testing: Hormone levels can indicate whether ovulation is occurring or if many underlying hormonal imbalances may affect fertility. Common hormones tested include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol. 
  • Imaging tests: Ultrasound scans can examine the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes for any structural abnormalities or blockages. 
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG): This is an X-ray procedure where dye is injected into the uterus and fallopian tubes to check for any blockages or abnormalities. 
  • Laparoscopy: This is a surgical procedure where a small camera is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to examine the reproductive organs for any abnormalities. 
  • Ovarian reserve testing: This involves assessing the number and quality of eggs remaining in the ovaries. This can be done through blood tests or ultrasound scans. 

These tests can help diagnose the cause of infertility in females and inform treatment options. It is important to note that infertility can be caused by various factors, including age, genetics, lifestyle, and underlying medical conditions.

Treatments for Female Infertility

Many couples need help conceiving. Before you choose any treatment option, taking doctor-prescribed medications for stimulating ovulation is essential. Some of the options to treat female infertility are mentioned below:-

  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

It is one of the standard procedures to treat female infertility. In this procedure, the sperms washed out and concentrated are placed in the uterus using a long, thin tube. It is often placed around when your ovary releases eggs to be fertilized. 

  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

It is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) in which eggs are harvested at the end of the stimulation, and sperm & eggs are placed together. After the sperm fertilizes the eggs, the doctor transfers them into the uterus. 

  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

This medical procedure is quite similar to IVF. In ICSI, an embryologist injects a single sperm in each harvested egg, and then a doctor transfers an embryo into the uterus, helping you conceive. 

  • Third-Party ART

Many couples use donor embryos, sperm or eggs. They look for surrogate or gestational carriers to help them carry your child and give birth to your little one. 

Bottom Line!

Women’s infertility is quite common these days. No worries if you fail to get pregnant after a continuous year of trying to conceive. You can book an appointment with the best gynecologist and seek guidance

We, 9M Hospital, provide high-quality fertility services to ensure you are safe and have your little one soon. We follow a patient-centric approach at our best hospital for pregnancy in pune. Our finest doctors diagnose problems and provide effective treatments for female infertility. With our advanced technology and equipment, there is an accurate and speedy diagnosis. Our team of experts provide the utmost care to all patients. With us, you may not feel anxious as we have everything covered. You can reach out to us anytime, as we are available 24*7. 

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