If you are experiencing any abnormality in your menstrual cycle, you must visit the gynecologist immediately. You should consult the doctor whether your period cycle lasts more than seven days or you have three missed periods. Pay close attention to your health and prioritize self-care. Different types of menstrual disorders may have varied causes and symptoms.
Menstrual Disorders: Overview
Menstrual disorders are medical conditions affecting a woman’s normal menstrual cycle. Some women have absent or irregular periods that may lead to severe body aches, cramps, and much more. Common types of menstrual disorders include:
Dysmenorrhea or Painful Periods
Many women experience excruciating pain and cramps during periods. Pain can be mild, moderate, or severe for women. It can be a direct result of menstruation or other health conditions. Some significant factors associated with pain from menstruation are:-
- Anxiety or depression
- Hereditary painful periods
- Attempting to lose weight
- A higher Body Mass Index (BMI)
Other medical conditions that can lead to painful periods are mentioned below:-
- Ovarian cysts, the fluid-filled sacs or pockets that develop within or on the surface of the ovaries
- Uterine fibroids: Growths that develop in the uterus, caused mainly by hormonal imbalance, family history, and genetic predisposition
- Endometriosis: A chronic condition wherein tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs): Small, T-shaped devices that are inserted into the uterus to provide long-term contraception
Menorrhagia or Heavy periods
Menorrhagia is the medical term for heavier periods in women and involves a flow of blood that lasts longer than seven days. The flow is so heavy that you might have to change your sanitary napkin or tampon after every 2-3 hours. It is common to experience clot formation. Thus, menorrhagia is accompanied by painful periods or dysmenorrhea, as passing large clots can cause painful cramping. Occasional heavy periods during the menstrual cycle are normal, but persistent heavy periods are abnormal. Some common conditions and circumstances causing this period disorder are:-
- Kidney or liver problems
- Bleeding disorders, like Von Willebrand Disease
- Hypothyroidism, wherein the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to a slowdown of one’s metabolism
Oligomenorrhea (Irregular periods) or Amenorrhea (Absent periods)
During an irregular period, the menstrual cycle lasts longer than 35 days. If you are not having periods for three months in a row, you may have an absent period. Irregular periods are common during puberty, after childbirth, and while breastfeeding. Other factors that may cause irregular periods are:-
- Extreme weight gain or loss
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Eating disorders like anorexia
- Emotional stress
- Hormonal birth control
If you are experiencing something unusual before, during, or after periods, you must visit the best gynecologist immediately. Doctors will examine you thoroughly and manage menstrual disorders, if any, to ensure you are healthy and safe.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Menstrual Disorders
You must visit the best gynecologist nearby to stay fit and healthy. The healthcare expert may diagnose you thoroughly and do a physical checkup to know if you are facing any period disorders. Various medical tests are conducted to check your overall health, such as:
- Pelvic examination
- Blood tests
- Ultrasound & Sonohysterography
- Endometrial Biopsy, which is a procedure to identify abnormal cells that suggest the presence of cancer
- Hysteroscopy, a process that detects the presence of polyps, fibroids, and causes of bleeding
- Laparoscopy, which helps diagnose and treat endometriosis
With top-notch equipment and technology, medical staff may diagnose issues and disorders and provide the best treatment accordingly. Thus, you must visit the doctor in haste, as any carelessness may lead to unavoidable circumstances.
Other Effective Ways for Regular Menstrual Cycle
You may need to make healthy lifestyle changes and overall health to promote a regular menstrual cycle. Some effective ways to have a normal menstrual cycle are mentioned below:-
It is essential to engage in any physical activity of your choice, such as playing your favorite sport like football, working out in a gym, doing yoga, walking, swimming, or even dancing and Zumba. To not feel forceful, choose an activity that gives you joy.
Due to chronic stress, there can be a disruption in hormone production, affecting the regularity of the menstrual cycle. You may practice meditation and deep-breathing exercises to minimize anxiety. You can prioritize self-care and ensure you have proper rest and sleep.
You may prefer having a nutritious diet, including proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and minerals. Include green & leafy vegetables and fruits to ensure a good metabolism. Stay hydrated and avoid processed foods. Instead of having oily and junk food, you may choose salads. It may reduce your excess weight and help you stay fit.
You may avoid smoking, excessive alcohol & caffeine consumption, as these may lead to menstrual irregularities. You can discuss with your doctor about the quantity of alcohol you may intake.
You can visit the best gynecologist for a regular body checkup. It may help diagnose a medical problem, if any, and can be prevented early. To avoid any menstrual disorders, pay close attention to your health and visit the doctor on time.
Stay Healthy With 9M Hospital!
If you are searching for ‘the best gynecologists Pune,’ we, at 9M Hospital, have got everything covered. We provide gynecology and maternity services to help women in need. If you are experiencing something unusual in your overall body and health, do not hesitate to reach out to us. Doctors can make precise diagnoses and provide effective treatments with our state-of-the-art technology and services.
We are available for you 24*7. So, visit us anytime to get preventive measures for medical issues you are struggling with and be safe.